BACKGROUND: Poor adherence to inhaled medication has been associated with poor outcomes. Smart spacers can monitor inhaler use and technique, yet their feasibility in adults with asthma and their potential benefits are unknown.

OBJECTIVE: Assessing the feasibility of undertaking a definitive randomized controlled trial (RCT) of smart spacer-based inhaler education and explore potential clinical benefits in adults with asthma.

METHODS: Two-month randomized controlled feasibility OUtcomes following Tailored Education and Retraining: Studying Performance and AdherenCE (OUTERSPACE) trial comparing personalized smart spacer-based inhaler education versus usual care. Outcomes were feasibility (inclusion speed, patient acceptance), medication adherence, inhaler technique, clinical effects (lung function, ACQ, FeNO) and usability (SUS).

RESULTS: 42 patients completed the study. The feasibility of performing a larger trial focusing on patient education using a smart spacer was demonstrated with all patients included in four months and a participation rate of 86%. In the intervention group, inhalation errors decreased by 26.2% while in the usual care group errors increased by 14.6% (p=0.021). Adherence decreased slightly in the intervention group as opposed to improvement in the control group (difference 12%). No changes in lung function, ACQ or FeNO were observed. Usability was deemed high (SUS patients 71, nurses 89).

CONCLUSION: This RCT showed that smart spacer-driven education in patients with asthma is feasible and reduced inhaler errors. Longer-term and larger studies are required to assess clinical effects.